Old English, or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages. Brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers probably in the mid-5th century, it replaced Common Brittonic, a Celtic language and Latin brought by the Roman invasion. Developed from a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects originally spoken by Germanic tribes known as the Anglos, Saxons, and Jutes, it had four main dialects: Mercian, Northumbrian, Kentish, and West Saxon.
The most common 100 words spoken by modern English speakers come from this heritage of Old English. Here is a list of the top 25.
Like other old Germanic languages, Old English is very different from Modern English and difficult for Modern English speakers to understand without study.
To get a flavor for how the language sounded, check out this reading of the Christmas Story (the Gospel according to St. Luke) in Old English from a tenth century translation of the West Saxon Gospels.
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